Campaign of the Month: August 2011
Le Ballet de l'Acier
Charles de Lorraine, duc de Guise
Governor of Provence and Admiral of the Levant
Captaincy – Master Superior
Strategy – Master Superior
Guise (b. 1571) was born in Joinville in northeastern France. Originally styled the chevalier de Guise, he succeeded as duc de Chevreuse upon the death of his great-uncle Charles de Guise, Cardinal of Lorraine, a title he later resigned to his brother Claude.
After his father’s assassination in 1588, he succeeded him as duc de Guise, but was kept in prison in Tours for three years, escaping in 1591. The Catholic League considered marrying him to a daughter of the king of Spin and placing him on the French throne, but by 1595 Guise declared his support for Henry IV of France in 1594, for which Heniy paid him four million livres and made him governor of Provence. In 1595, he captured Marseille from the duc d’Épernon, who held it for the Catholic League. He was later created Grand Master of France and Admiral of the Levant.
Guise is one of France’s most distinguished military leaders, both on land and sea. Guise commanded the escort of the king to his wedding with Anne d’Autriche in 1615 as nobles opposed to the union fielded their personal armies across France. A dévot close to the queen-mother, Marie de’ Medici, Guise nonetheless remained loyal to the king during the Wars of the Mother and Son. In 1622, Guise commanded the royal naval squadron in a series of engagements with the Huguenot privateer fleet of La Rochelle under Jean Guiton.
Guise is married to Henriette-Catherine de Joyeuse, formerly the duchesse de Joyeuse. Together they have six children.