In commendam

In canon law, in commendam, or simply commendam, is a form of transferring an ecclesiastical benefice in trust to the custody of a patron.

The phrase in commendam originally applied to the provisional occupation of an ecclesiastical benefice, which was temporarily without an actual occupant, a corollary of the phrase in titulum, which is applied to the regular and unconditional occupation of benefices; in practice, however, abbeys held in commendam are effectively in the permanent trust of the clerics who receive them, and they are often reserved for a successor by the abbot in commendam as well along with Church offices.

An abbot in commendam is a patron, not the working head of an abbey on the site; he draws the revenue, but is not concerned with the abbey’s working or spiritual discipline. Abbots in commendam ordinarily do not reside in their abbey.


In commendam

Le Ballet de l'Acier Black_Vulmea